“To say I don’t like going to beauty salons is putting it mildly. I have to spend precious time and a significant amount of money, so I 100% prefer performing microdermabrasion at home.”
Table of Contents
- 1 What is Microdermabrasion?
- 2 Microdermabrasion types
- 3 What are the benefits of the microdermabrasion procedure?
- 4 How is the procedure performed?
- 5 Additional information
- 6 Risks and limitations:
What is Microdermabrasion?
Microdermabrasion is a rapid non-invasive procedure used to refresh the skin. Sometimes it’s called “peeling during lunch break”. This relatively new procedure carefully removes the top layer (stratum corneum) of damaged, dry, dead skin cells using a stream of fine crystals or a diamond tip. There are also systems that work by vacuuming the loose skin cells covering the face.
The microdermabrasion technique exfoliates and flattens the surface of the skin, stimulating the formation of a new, smooth and clean skin texture. The procedure is often applied to the face and neck but can be done on any other part of the body (eg. back of the palms).
If you are planning to perform a microdermabrasion session at home, the following information may be a good introduction to the procedure. For more details on the possible benefits and potential side effects, options, and clinical trials please keep reading!
There are two types of microdermabrasion: Crystal and Diamond.
The original crystal microdermabrasion which has been performed since the ’80s uses a wand to spray and then vacuum up aluminum oxide crystals, also known as corundum, the second hardest mineral after diamonds.
Crystal microdermabrasion is also known as particle resurfacing, power peel, derma-peel or Parisian peel. Usually, such procedure provokes a slight stinging sensation on the skin and may even leave some crystals residue on its surface.
Crystal microdermabrasion is used to reduce scarring on the skin and to exfoliate its surface. It launches small crystals that cleanse the skin in depth. Using light vacuum at the same time, the dead cells are pulled out. Wearing eye covers during crystal microdermabrasion procedure is a must, The method is still used, but it is rarely preferred because it is believed that diamond microdermabrasion is more effective.
Diamond microdermabrasion – During this procedure, a diamond tip tool is used to remove dead cells, refresh the skin, or remove/reduce acne scars on the face. This method may seem painful, but the intensity grows so slowly that most people tend to feel a very slight discomfort. As with crystal microdermabrasion, there is a vacuum suction system for dead skin cells.
The newer diamond-tip microdermabrasion has been growing in popularity because it achieves the same results with less discomfort and without the crystal residue at the end of the treatment.
Diamond microdermabrasion uses a variety of diamond tips, from coarse to fine, depending on how thick or delicate the skin is. As you may already know, the diamonds are the hardest minerals. Their task is to exfoliate the skin as you pass the wand over your face several times. The suction (usually located in the middle of the wand) pulls the dead skin cells off its surface. There are no loose crystals when you use diamond microdermabrasion. Another convenience of this method is that you don’t have to wear eye covers.
What are the benefits of the microdermabrasion procedure?
Microdermabrasion can correct rough skin, certain scars (including acne scars and stretch marks), uneven pigmentation, “crow’s feet”, age spots, wrinkles and fine lines that may appear on the skin over time.
It can also remove or reduce the number of open and closed comedones, while successfully eliminating the finest wrinkles. By removing the uppermost layers of the epidermis, microdermabrasion stimulates the formation of a new superficial layer of the epidermis (our skin has the incredible ability to constantly heal and regenerate).
Microdermabrasion can be applied to all types of skin, after taking into account the amount of sebum secretion, color, and age. For best results, it is recommended to have one procedure per week or two within the therapeutic course.
How is the procedure performed?
Before the procedure, you will need to get acquainted with all the specifics of the microdermabrasion machine/system you have purchased. It is best to choose the device that will your expectations about the changes you want to achieve in your appearance. Here we will investigate the various options that will be the most suitable for you, the nature of the procedure, the risks, the limitations and the price.
You may need to discontinue the intake of medications that contain aspirin and/or other medications you are currently taking that may provoke potential skin irritation. You must stop smoking in order to improve the blood circulation of the skin. Sometimes, you may even need to take antivirals before the procedures to prevent herpes infections (in case you are already infected with the herpes simplex virus, HSV-1). You should also avoid the intake of aromatic retinoids (Roaccutane / Tigasone), because they can interfere the healing process.
The procedure itself is quick and easy, whatever microdermabrasion machine you have chosen. The skin should be thoroughly cleaned and the actual part of the procedure may begin.
Depending on the machine you have chosen, the instructions for use will be different but it is highly recommended to perform all the steps indicated in your product manual.
The video above shows Raya S showing How to do a Real Microdermabrasion at home
How long does a procedure take?
Typically, the procedure takes 15 to 30 minutes (again, according to your microdermabrasion device).
How often should Microdermabrasion be performed?
If you go to a beauty/spa salon, the aesthetician would usually convince you that the procedures should be performed as frequently as possible. And this would be a lie. Here’s why:
Each one of us has different skin characteristics (Normal, Dry, Oily, Combination, Sensitive, Fair, Dark, Acne-prone skin etc.). The frequency of the microdermabrasion sessions should depend on your skin’s tolerance and desired cosmetic effects you would like to obtain.
The most common therapeutic course consists of 4 to 8 procedures at an interval of 1 to 3 weeks between each session.
Is it painful?
The pain you may experience during microdermabrasion depends on the individual pain sensitivity of each patient. Some patients say they experience a slight irritation, and others say there is no pain at all. In fact, most patients describe the dermabrasion treatments in a very positive way.
What can I expect afterward?
The amount of time such procedure takes and the recovery period needed are the two main benefits microdermabrasion sessions provide. Immediately after the procedure, you can return to your normal daily routine. Immediately after the procedure, the skin turns red, but after a few hours, this redness disappears completely.
The result of this therapy is a visible improvement in the texture and appearance of the skin, while it looks refreshed. Depending on the severity of the problem, the microdermabrasion can be repeated to achieve a more noticeable result and to obtain smoother and youthful looking skin.
Microdermabrasion can improve the skin’s appearance, but it will not affect the loose or deep-wrinkled skin (as it only exfoliates the skin surface layer). A facelift is often required to correct such problems.
Depending on the severity of the skin condition, size, and location of the treated area, microdermabrasion can be combined or replaced by other resurfacing procedures such as chemical peeling, laser resurfacing and dermabrasion.
Risks and limitations:
This procedure cannot cause serious complications and there are no serious risks posed by microdermabrasion sessions. Minor disadvantages include temporary side effects, such as slight skin tightening, redness, bruising, and sensitivity. Some patients with very sensitive skin report a slight irritation that goes on slightly longer than usual after the procedure.