Microdermabrasion for acne treatment

Most often acne occurs due to hormonal changes, before the monthly cycle, after the use of inappropriate cosmetics, it may be caused by inappropriate cleaning of the skin and other factors.

As the causes of acne occurrence are numerous, the different types of acne [1] should be well distinguished in order to find the most effective treatment. Here are the most common types of acne and the impact of microdermabrasion procedures on each of them:

Light acne types

The lightest types of acne are known as comedones or blackheads. They occur when hair follicles are blocked by sebaceous sebum and dead skin cells. There is no redness or soreness, as with some other types of acne.

There are two kinds of comedones

Open comedones

Open comedones are the first type. They occur when the skin secretes sebum, has accumulated dead cells and this mixture is exposed to the air. Oxidation is due to atmospheric air

Closed comedones

They are characterized by the small white tip that appears beneath the surface of the skin. They appear when the sebum and dead skin cells completely cover the hair follicle. Closed comedones often resemble skin-colored bumps. There is no soreness or redness. They most often appear on the facial area.

Types comedones
Comedones are hair follicles that have been enlarged and clogged by sebum

Microdermabrasion procedures are very suitable for the treatment of light acne, as it removes the excess sebum and bacteria, causing pore clogging and infection.

Moderate acne types

There are two types of acne that are classified as moderate acne:

Papules

These are red pimples on the skin that are rarely raised, do not contain pus or fluid. Sometimes they are accompanied by other symptoms such as itching, mild pain or scaling.

Microdermabrasion can provide beneficial results for the moderate acne types. Note, that the side effects (skin sensitivity and redness) may take longer to fade, especially if there is an active infection.

Pustules

Pustules are red swollen buds that contain pus. This thick yellowish or greenish opaque liquid consists of white blood cells, sebum, dead skin cells and bacteria with tissue debris and serum. Pustules are usually preceded by papules. They usually appear on the face and on the back.

Severe types of acne

Conglobal acne

It is characterized by the appearance of large, painful bumps, which are often red. This type of acne is more pronounced in men. Its treatment is difficult, sometimes surgical intervention may be needed and often, after the complete treatment, permanent scars remain on the skin. It can affect the face, back, chest, and less often the hips. The presence of cysts is also characteristic for this type of acne.

Microdermabrasion procedures are not recommended for the management of conglobal acne.

Nodulocystic acne

It occurs, causing deep and inflamed pimples on the facial skin or other areas of the body. Sufferers of this type of acne develop nodules as well as cysts. The treatment of these persistent lesions is also difficult and time-consuming. It is more pronounced in teenagers and young men.

Acne can suffer as adults, as well as babies and young children. The boobs most often appear on the cheekbones. Acne in youngsters may occur after using too oily creams at elevated levels of male sex hormones.

Reddit u/eliseb20 tried the procedure on her skin, but, unfortunately, she had active acne.

Microdermabrasion for severe acne
source: Reddit

Microdermabrasion cannot provide a positive effect on the more severe forms of acne. Sometimes, it may additionally irritate the skin.

Benefits Of Microdermabrasion For Acne and Acne-Prone Skin

Both dermatologists and professional aestheticians resort to microdermabrasion, as this is a gentle, yet effective method to unclog your skin pores. The accumulated bacteria, dirt and other contaminants are the reasons why infection occurs, provoking the appearance of acne.

  1. Boosts blood circulation improving the skin cell function – the improved circulation plays an extremely important role when it comes to your overall skin health. Oxygen, minerals, vitamins, hormones and other elements are needed for the proper function of the skin. All of them are supplied by the blood, so by boosting your blood circulation in the skin, you provide it with the nutrients needed. The blood flow regulation also leads to removing all waste products, which will eventually cause the premature aging of your skin.
  2. Enhances product penetration – by opening the pores and removing the dead skin cells and contaminants, you can get more benefits from the skincare products you are using, as they will penetrate deeper into the skin, providing maximum effectiveness.
  3. Removing blackheads – blackheads are accumulated sebum in the hair follicles, which, after oxidation, darken their color. Microdermabrasion removes the excessive sebum by gently exfoliating the outermost skin layer. The next step is the extraction of blackheads, which can be easily accomplished with the vacuum feature provided.
  4. Reduce pore size – pore shrinking is crucial in case you would like to avoid potential infections or acne. Open pores are usually caused by the natural aging process of the skin but they can reduce in size if they are properly cleaned and debris are removed.  Unclogged pores shrink as there are no contaminants holding them open.
  5. Suitable for men and women – Both men and women can benefit from microdermabrasion procedures as problems, such as enlarged pores, acne, ingrown hairs, rough skin can affect both sexes.
  6. Safe – This is one of the most important characteristics of microdermabrasion. Compared to other, rather invasive procedures, aiming to treat acne (chemical peels, dermabrasion etc.). There are no risks, leading to permanent skin damage. The only side effects include increased sensitivity and skin redness, which will within the next few hours.
  7. Suitable for different body areas – microdermabrasion can be performed to the facial area, the neck, chest, shoulders, and the back area, which are the most common body parts where acne appears.
  8. Others – microdermabrasion technique will not only help your acne disappear, but it will also make your skin look rejuvenated, it will decrease the number of fine lines and wrinkles, uncovering a perfectly healthy skin layer.

Post microdermabrasion breakout

Some patients (very few) experience post microdermabrasion breakouts. During this period, the acne may worsen [2], as the skin cells excrete the waste products and toxins accumulated. The recovery period usually takes a couple days, after which you will begin seeing the improvements and your skin will look radiant, softer and blemish-free.

Note that the proper skin cleansing routine (in the morning and just before bedtime) is also important. The facial area should be carefully cleaned before the microdermabrasion procedure as well. This is how you will be able to avoid potential infections during your session. In case you are using a home microdermabrasion device, please make sure that it is carefully disinfected before beginning your procedure.

Is microdermabrasion effective for acne scars, dark marks, and pits?

The main target of microdermabrasion treatment is providing skin smoothness, improving the complexion and overall condition of your skin.

Acne scars (depending on the severity of the problem) can be successfully reduced after multiple procedures. By stimulating skin regeneration, collagen and elastin are produced in the skin cells, which results in skin softness and suppleness. Acne pits are harder to treat even after a prolonged treatment, as the skin integrity is very damaged. Usually, complete removal of acne pits is not possible – the more aggressive methods (such as laser surgeries) will provide more beneficial results. Microdermabrasion will make them less visible, but it the deep scars cannot be 100% removes as this is a non-invasive treatment method.

Dark spots are easier to treat using microdermabrasion. Each subsequent session will make the dark spots lighter until they completely disappear.

How much does microdermabrasion for acne cost?

It depends on the severity of the problem. Usually, a single session a month is enough for patients, suffering very light acne, the moderate acne requires regular procedures, performed twice a month for about 6 months until the acne gets under control.

A single in-office microdermabrasion treatment costs $200-$300, the visible results will be available after the initial session.

And the good news is that there are much cheaper options – at-home microdermabrasion devices. They provide the same effects but you should perform the procedure yourself.

At-home microdermabrasion for acne treatment

This is the most cost-effective option when it comes to microdermabrasion. You can get your own machine for the same price as the single procedure at a dermatologist’s office ($200-$300), there are even cheaper devices (less than $70). Most patients prefer performing microdermabrasion at home, as the procedure guarantees the same results as the professional session. Additionally, it is less time-consuming and such devices can be used whenever you like, as often as you need, as the home microdermabrasion kits are intended for unlimited treatment sessions.

How often should I use my microdermabrasion device?

As the procedure is non-abrasive and non-invasive, patients with different skin conditions (acne, oily, aging, unevenly pigmented skin etc.) resort to microdermabrasion so that they can easily improve their skin’ appearance. Sessions can be done as frequently as weekly or up to every 8 weeks depending on your skin’s needs and tolerance.

However, for patients with acne or acne-prone skin 1 or 2 sessions per month are sufficient, as these skin problems are often related to increased irritation susceptibility.

References

  1. What type of acne do I have?
    https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/322322.php
  2.  About Microdermabrasion Side Effects
    https://www.livestrong.com/article/116704-microdermabrasion-side-effects/
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Microdermabrasion for acne treatment
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Microdermabrasion for acne treatment
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As the causes of acne occurrence are numerous, the different types of acne should be well distinguished in order to find the most effective treatment. Here are the most common types of acne and the impact of microdermabrasion procedures on each of them:
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SkinPractice
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About the author

Monika Hristova

Monika is the Editor-in-Chief at SkinPractice. She is a skin care addict and researcher, who feels strongly about helping people with different dermatology conditions from alopecia to warts.

You can read her recommendations and advice both here at SkinPractice or at Quora where she answers skincare-related questions frequently and is the most viewed author in the Skincare category with more than 3 million views or follow her on LinkedIn.

She is also a certified skin care specialist with certification from the Medical College in Sofia.

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